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Papaya Farming

Introduction :

Papaya (Carica papaya) is a tropical fruit having commercial importance because of its high nutritive and medicinal value. Its demand is growing at a rapid pace because of these qualities especially among health conscious people.

Origin and total Production

Papaya cultivation had its origin in South Mexico and Costa Rica. Total annual world production is estimated at 6 million tonnes of fruits.

India’s Share

India accounts for approximately half the total leads the world in papaya production with an annual output of about 3 million tonnes. Other leading producers are Brazil, Mexico, Nigeria, Indonesia, China, Peru, Thailand and Philippines.

Area & Production

The area under papaya cultivation in India increased by 63% from 45.2 thousand ha. in 1991-92 to 73.7 thousand ha. in 2001-02 and the production increased from 8 lakh tones to 26 lakh tones.

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh leads papaya cultivation in India. It accounts for approximately half of country’s production. In other words Andhra Pradesh accounts for one fifth papaya production in the world. This is largely due to weather and land quality in Andhra Pradesh which is most suitable for papaya cultivation. Also the high quality of papaya being produced (mainly known as lal or hyderabadi papita) also commands a higher price because of its taste and other qualities.
Productivity (metric tones per hectare production) in Andhra Pradesh is highest (see the chart below from NHB- Min. of Agri. Govt. of India). 100 productivity means that one Hectare of land yields one lakh kilos of papaya per hectare. This is achieved scientifically with drip irrigation and other modern technologies under the guidance of agronomists. Other major papaya producing states in India are West Bengal, Karnataka, Orissa and Gujarat.

State-wise Area, Production & Productivity of papaya during 2001-02

State Area (‘000 Ha.) Production (‘000 MT) Productivity (MT/Ha.)
Andhra Pradesh 11.7 1173.6 100.0
West Bengal 7.2 241.9 33.5
Karnataka 3.6 238.1 65.5
Orissa 10.7 217.5 20.3
Gujarat 4.4 175.1 39.4
Maharashtra 5.8 174.4 30.0
Assam 7.5 111.8 14.8
Kerala 13.2 59.7 4.5
Madhya Pradesh 0.8 39.2 49.0
Others 8.6 159.1 -
TOTAL 73.7 2590.4 35.1


Source :
Database of National Horticulture Board, Ministry of Agriculture , Govt. of India

Some Facts

  • India accounts for nearly half of Worlds Papaya Production
  • Andhra Pradesh accounts for nearly half of India’s Papaya production
  • Productivity in Andhra is maximum, which is nearly three times more than national average.
  • An acre of land produces approximately 40000 kg of Papaya per year in Andhra.
  • Variety as produced in Andhra yields better taste and therefore commands better price in market.

Papaya (Carica papaya) is a tropical fruit having commercial importance because of its high nutritive and medicinal value.