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Pomegranate Farming

Introduction :

India is the largest producer of Pomegranate in the world. There is very high demand of the product both in domestic market and for export purposes.

Variety

We are mainly working on Bhagwa variety which has gained acceptance among domestic and international market.

Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)

  • Using disease free and quality plant material of improved cultivars.
  • Adoption of high planting density.
  • Proper canopy management.
  • Integrated nutrient and water management.
  • Keeping proper load of fruits on the tree
  • Timely control of pests and diseases by adopting IPM practices.


In Andhra Pradesh pomegranate cultivation has started mainly in Anantpur district.

Economics

Over a long period of time pomegranate orchards are considered to yield very high returns. Even today some orchard owners are generating as high as Rs 15 Lacs return per acre per year.
The fruit is currently sold in domestic market at Rs 60 per kg and exports command USD 2.5 to 4 per kg (Rs 140-220/-per Kg).

Pomegranate as Medicinal Plant

One pomegranate is known to deliver 40% of an adult's daily vitamin C requirement. This fruit is being touted as a miracle drug for aging, Alzheimer’s, cancer, heart disease, arthritis. It is also known to protect unborn babies from brain injuries.

Pomegranate has become a popular ingredient for mixed drinks, ice cream and even bottled water. For generations, the pomegranate has been regarded as a fruit with exceptional health benefits.

Consuming pomegranate in any form can be beneficial (seeds or juice) as it helps repair damaged cells and strengthens the immune system and body against disease. Studies have shown that pomegranate is one of the most powerful, nutrient dense foods for overall good health. Pomegranate is low in calories, high in fibre, vitamins and phyto chemicals (plant chemicals) and makes for a great snack. The plant chemicals in its seeds are polyphenols and offer heart and anti-cancer benefits.

The rind of the fruit and the bark of the pomegranate tree is used as a remedy against diarrhoea, dysentery and intestinal parasites. The seeds and juice are considered a tonic for the heart, throat and eyes and as a remedy for stopping nose bleeds, gum bleeds, toning skin and treating haemorrhoids. It has antioxidants that protect the heart, relieve one from stomach disorders, and even have skin and anti-ageing benefits.

APEDA data shows exports have risen from 7 tonnes in 1999 to more than 35,000 tonnes in 2007-08 as European consumers have developed a taste for the premium Bhagva variety. The minimum income per acre even without any special care is Rs 2 lakh.. With proper farm management, it can touch Rs 15 lakh per acre.

Pomegranates have originated from Iran. Its is cultivated in Spain, Egypt, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Japan, Russia, America, and India.